Ultrasonography is safe and moderately portable. Westergren, performed a systematic review focusing Ssa: detecting dysphagia in acute stroke essay noninvasive, noninstrumental screening methods to detect eating difficulties following stroke.
The early detection of dysphagia in such patients reduces such complications, hospital stay, and overall healthcare expenditures. There are countries where farther research requires to be carried out. A comparison with summative clinical judgment of swallow function was made on the basis of 68 completed screening episodes by independently competent nurses.
This study supports the use of the SSA by ward nurses as a screening tool for dysphagia in patients with acute stroke. Gag reflex alone was used for six patients and for two patients, the gag plus water was used; 18 cited checking the ability to swallow water.
A full assessment consists of a clinical bedside assessment, and indication for further complex investigative techniques.
Swallowing function was screened within 24 hours of admission, and total of patients were screened. It can be used at the bedside, and does not expose the patient to radiation. To be able to represent the methodology involved as well as the fundamental components, such as statistics, implications, and inferences that are involved in methodology.
Many screening tests, like the 3-oz. Primarily, the study aims to validate the effectiveness of SSA in the detection of swallowing impairment, dysphagia.
The tests were also carried out by a physician to check if the results would match. The speech and language therapist and radiologist can evaluate the recorded videotape of the procedure at a later date.
Apilot survey to entree if urine specific gravitation and urine coloring material charts are utile indexs of desiccation in shot patients. Stroke can produce a wide variety of neurological impairments in the acute stages, including swallowing disorders, lack of postural control; upper-limb dysfunction; visual, cognitive, perceptual, and communication impairments; and dyspraxia Perry, I am thanking Dr.
In addition, in the water-swallowing test, the use of large volumes of water can potentially lead to the aspiration of large amounts of water, and therefore may result in medical complications Daniels et al. Such condition progress to various impairments and one of that is dysphagia, which is the difficulty of swallowing.
Stage I An initial assessment of whether the patient is alert enough for the study is made.
Lateral cervical soft tissue radiographs have problems with head posture control, and are difficult to report for the inexperienced person. Stroke can produce a wide variety of neurological impairments in the acute stages.
A total of patients were screened. Risks of Dysphagia Aspiration may occur before, during, or after the swallow. The doctor in charge was convinced of the need to retain the patients for at least 14 days in order to complete the study.
It typically manifests in the gastrointestinal tract and can be categorized by the specific tract region affected. Evidence suggests that staffing degrees are straight related to the substandard attention being delivered.
Health and Clinical Management The occurrence of any chest infection was diagnosed and documented by the medical team. In many studies, a simple swallow test of a fixed volume of water to assess the ability to swallow, timed or untimed, has been used, and has been correlated to videofluoroscopy findings.
The SSA consists of three stages: VF was used within three days of the stroke occurrence, barring medical complications.
Some have proposed that aspiration causes reflex bronchoconstriction and a subsequent ventilation-perfusion imbalance, which leads to hypoxia and desaturation.
The results revealed a sensitivity of 0. Pulse oximetry Pulse oximetry is a noninvasive method of investigating bedside swallow Ramsey, Smithard, Kalra, From these findings, the authors concluded that the SSA can be recommended as a standard tool for both observational and intervention studies of dysphagia.
VFSE requires coaching Tohara et al. Several mechanisms have been suggested, and proposed that aspiration causes reflex bronchoconstriction and a subsequent ventilation-perfusion imbalance, which leads to hypoxia and desaturation.
The following questions were addressed: From this study, the authors concluded that bedside assessment of swallowing is useful to identify those patients who are at risk of developing complications.
Stroke is a common problem, producing a variety of neurological problems that affect eating. Dysphagia is a particular concern because of its potential for airway obstruction, malnutrition, and aspiration pneumonia. With chest infection reported in up to 32% of stroke patients, this is a major.
Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. Prerenal kidney failure is caused by blood loss, dehydration, or medication.
Some of the renal causes of kidney failure include sepsis, medications, rhabdomyolysis, multiple myeloma, and acute glomerulonephritis. By submitting your story and clicking the Submit button you grant the American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA) permission to use your story, name, city/state, and photo (if you provided) as part of our efforts to increase autoimmune disease advocacy and awareness efforts.
SSA: Detecting Dysphagia in Acute Stroke Essay Sample. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. Many professionals contributed to the completion of this research effort. I would like to thank my supervisor Professor David Howard Degree Programme Director of School of Education Communication and Language Sciences in the University of Newcastle in United.
More Essay Examples on Education Rubric. ABSTRACT Dysphagia, or problems with swallowing, is common after acute stroke, and there is a risk of aspiration pneumonia and other complications.
Stroke is a major cause of mortality in the United Kingdom ; it is the 3rd biggest slayer in the UK (National audit office ) around people die every twelvemonth from this long term status.Ssa: detecting dysphagia in acute stroke essay